UA-42101888-1 Hama | Syrian Friendship Association


47 Km north of Homs, is the beautiful city of Hama. Using the Orontes River as its cooling system and the Orontes valley for greenery, Hama was always very picturesque. Hama is also the center of Syria's steel and iron industries.

The most interesting feature in Hama, are the Norias (wooden waterwheels), and having a drink or lunch at the restaurant on the riverside is a popular pastime.

The History of Hama

Unlike the cities of Aleppo and Damascus, nothing much of the ages is still existent in Hama. Excavations on and near the citadel hill, which is now replaced by a park, reveal remains belonging as far back as the Neolithic period.

Also found were some remains form the 11th Century BC, when Hama was the center of Syro-Hittite. It was also the capital of the Aramean kingdom, as Hamath. Hamath is mentioned several times in the Old Testament.

In 720 BC Hama, as well as the rest of Syria was conquered by the Assyrians, followed by the Persians. Hama came to be known as Epiphania when it fell to the Seleucids in 200 BC. When the Romans and then the Byzantines took over, it was used as a center for administration until it fell to the Arabs yet remained weaker than the other Syrian states.

The Arabs took over Hama by capitulation in 636 AD. But it was always overshadowed by the Northern power in the form of Aleppo, and the
Southern power in the form of Damascus. However it flourished under the Ayyubids, and the Ottomans left their emblem in the form of a couple of Khans and a beautiful Azem Palace

Copyright © Syrian embassy-London 2005