UA-42101888-1 Deir Ezzor | Syrian Friendship Association

Deir Ezzor:

This city is usually used as a stopping point on the way to Al Jezireh, or further along the Euphrates to Mari and Al Bukamal. It is a major point for engineers and archaeologists; as it is surrounded by excavation sites, where prehistoric artifacts are being recovered and there are a few Oil production plants on newly found oil fields further in Al Jezireh.

Deir Ezzor itself does not have much of a history or any attraction for historical visitors and tourists. However nearby are Doura Europos, Halabiye and Zalabiye, and the excavation site at Mari.

Deir Ezzor has a museum that concentrates on the prehistoric past of the region, although it does have a section that exhibits other more recent periods. Deir Ezzor is situated 320 Km south east of Aleppo and 206 Km from Palmyra.

The History of Deir Ezzor

As a green oasis on the Euphrates riverbank, Deir Ezzor and the Euphrates valley date back a long way. Starting in the 3rd century BC, Deir Ezzor was a part of the Akkadian empire under the King Sargon I from 2700 to 2550 BC.

It then fell into the hands of Hammurabi the famous king who setup the first steps of law. Then it went through the Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Persians. After the defeat of the Persians it became part of the Hellenistic empire under Alexander the Great then it became part of the Seleucid empire.

In the Roman period it flourished as a trading point between the Mediterranean and the Indian subcontinent. During Zenobia's power it became part of the Palmyrean kingdom.

Islamic conquest of the area took place in the 4th century Hegira and it was ruled by the Hamdanids of Aleppo, then the Ayyubids and Mamelukes successively.

It was destroyed in the Mongol invasion and left to the desert, till recently when it was redeveloped for the benefit of the Syrian economy to service Oil and Petrol production in the fields nearby.

Copyright © Syrian embassy-London 2005